How to calculate percentages in Microsoft Excel

 


If you regularly work with calculations, you might also need to work with percentages. You surely know that Excel can handle them very well. In this tutorial we are going to show you how to calculate percentages using Excel.

Convert decimals to percentages

 

First of all let's start with a conversion: we need to turn decimals into percentages in the needed cells.

To display a number as a percentage in Excel simply right-click on the cell that contains a decimal and choose Format Cells. You can do this for multimple cells, columns or rows as well.

 

format cells for percentages

 

In the first tab (Number) choose Percentage. Here you can also set the number of decimals you would like to see in the cell. Now hit OK and the decimals will be converted to percentages in the chosen cells.

 

set number to percentage in excel

 

Calculate percentages

 

So let's see what can we do with percentages, well we can calculate them.

If you check the image below you can see that in contains items, inventory and the maximum number that our inventory can have. To find out how many items we have in the inventory in percentages let's do this:

First try to create the same table then click on the first cell below the cell that contains 'Percentage' and enter this formula: =(B2/C2)*100

 

percentage formula excel

 

Now hit Enter and you'll get the actula percentage of the total possible inventory. Click the little green point in the bottom-right corner of this cell and drag it down to calculate the result for every row you need.

One thing that doesn't look quite well is that we have the percentage in the cell with six decimals, to fix this select the cells from the last column, right- click and Format cells. Click the Number from the list and set the Decimal Places to 0.

 

number set decimals in excel

 

How to calculate percentage change


A commonly needed calculation with percentages is where we need to find the percentage change between two values. Let's see how to do this in Excel.

In the picture below you can see two prices for each item, we will use the percentage change formula on the last column to find out the percent change between the two values.

Now you need to create the same table that you see in our image, sure the items and prices can be different.

Make sure that the cells in the last column are set to percentages. To do this right-click on the cells and select Format Cells. In the first tab called Number find and click the Percentage from the list and hit OK.

 

percentage change in excel

 

Click on the first cell near the item's new price in the last column and enter this formula: =(C2/B2)-1

 

percentage change formula

 

Click the little green point in the bottom-right corner of this cell and drag it down to show the results for every row you need.

That's all! Thanks for reading.

 

 

percentage calculator

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